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If everyone with HIV was on treatment, we could prevent a significant percentage of new cases. And it may be irrelevant from a health perspective or maybe even an interpersonal one; but there’s one way it may matter a great deal, and that has to do with the law. You can have condom-less sex that carries low risk, especially if you have an undetectable viral load and your partner is taking Pr EP. Even if you and your sexual partners are confident that the extra protection isn’t required to prevent HIV transmission, there are half a dozen other sexually transmitted diseases that you do need a condom to avoid getting.

Numerous states have HIV disclosure laws and in some of them it doesn’t even matter whether your partner becomes poz or not. Jeremiah Johnson, the HIV Prevention Research & Policy Coordinator for Treatment Action Group points to two studies, HPTN 052 and the PARTNER study, both of which found no new infections while the HIV-positive partner’s viral load remained undetectable. Remember, there are a lot of people out there with STDs who don’t realize they have them.

But being positive does mean you’ll need to protect yourself and your intimate partners. When you become healthier you reduce the chance of communicating HIV. Currently Truvada is the only FDA approved Pr EP treatment—essentially a daily HIV prevention pill—but other medications are in the pipeline. But if you are using a condom or have an undetectable viral load or know your partner is on Pr EP, it may seem irrelevant.

The most common modes of transmission include unprotected anal or vaginal sex and sharing needles (regardless of whether they are for injecting drugs or medication like gender-confirming hormones). But that still means tops can and do get HIV from having unprotected sex. Is it true that a lot of people with HIV also have hepatitis C? About 25 to 30 percent of people with HIV in the U. According to the Los Angeles Office of AIDS Programs and Policy, you can get HCV by sharing infected needles, sharing personal items that may have come into contact with blood (e.g., razors, nail clippers, toothbrushes, or glucose monitors); unsterilized tattoo or piercing equipment; or condom-less sex with someone who has HCV. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS, but for most people, proper treatment and regular medical care keep their immune system strong enough to prevent them from ever developing AIDS.

The CDC says it’s still possible to also acquire HIV through contact with blood, blood transfusions, blood products, or organ transplantation, “though this risk is extremely remote due to rigorous testing of the U. Rough sex, sex with multiple partners, or having a sexually transmitted disease or HIV appears to increase a person’s risk for hepatitis C. An HIV-positive test result means only that: You have HIV.

The good news: while there’s no vaccine but there are new successful treatments for HCV now, so even if you’ve had treatment that failed there are newer options that could work. AIDS is its own diagnosis and many clinicians are moving away from the word itself and embracing the more descriptive “stage three HIV.” 8. Yes, but probably not anytime soon, and not because of the HIV.

The truth is, with treatment, people with HIV can live as long and as healthy of a life as those without it.