Dating a penn scale

12 Aug

The History of Pennsylvania as a political entity began in 1681 William Penn received a royal charter from King Charles II of England, but human activity in the region precedes that date.Before Pennsylvania was settled by Europeans, the area was home to the Lenape, Susquehannock, Iroquois, Erie, Shawnee and other Native American tribes.The Lenape spoke an Algonquian language, and inhabited an area known as the Lenapehoking, which was mostly made up of the state of New Jersey, but incorporated a lot of surrounding area, including eastern Pennsylvania.The Susquehannock spoke an Iroquoian language and held a region spanning from New York to West Virginia, that went from the area surrounding the Susquehanna River all the way to the Alleghany & Kanawha Rivers (about level with modern-day Pittsburgh).

The locations of New Netherland (magenta) and New Sweden (blue) in the 17th century.

North of the Alleghany River was the Iroquoian Petun, who crossed the Alleghany into southwest PA & northern WV—during a period known as the Beaver Wars, approx. Afterward, they were briefly replaced by the Eries & Chonnonton, who had invaded from Canada, before they too were conquered by the Iroquois Confederacy.

South of the Alleghany River was, allegedly, a nation known as the Calicua.

They were both affected by European disease and constant warfare with several neighbors and groups of Europeans.

As they lost numbers and land, they abandoned much of their western territory and moved closer to the Susquehanna River & the Iroquois & Mohawk to the north.